Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)

Semester of Degree Completion

Spring 2019

Thesis Director

Ryan P. Burge

Thesis Committee Member

Melinda A. Mueller

Thesis Committee Member

Kevin R. Anderson

Abstract

In this paper, I undertake a comparative analysis of the authoritarian process in Venezuela and Turkey. In both countries, there are signs of political and economic instabilities. Therefore, I examine Turkey's and Venezuela's politics and economy to understand the reasons for authoritarian regimes. The comparison reveals that both countries are en route of authoritarianism; however, the motives are different. As for Venezuela. comparison grounds the argument that their authoritativeness relies on economic instability. On the contrary, Turkey has a stable economy while it has been struggling with political upheavals.

The result of this study pinpoints different ways for authoritarian regimes. Even though authoritarian motives originated from different reasons, both countries approach an authoritarian regime. As a result, research suggests that Venezuela and Turkey are disadvantaged countries as democracies.

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