That higher education may not be considered unique by various courts, labor boards, arbitrators, law firms, and others who facilitate (control) the labor relations process is a decidedly unpopular notion among many academic leaders, faculty, and others. I would argue that universities are organizations providing important individual and societal outcomes which can be measured, but may not be unique for the purposes of labor relations.
Julius, Daniel J.
"The Slippery Slope of "Unique","
Journal of Collective Bargaining in the Academy: Vol. 9
, Article 1.
Available at: https://thekeep.eiu.edu/jcba/vol9/iss1/1