A few years ago, a delegation of international unionists visited the Texas AFL-CIO for the purpose of learning more about American unions. At some point in the proceedings, the unionists realized that in Texas public sector employees are prohibited from bargaining collectively.1 In particular, several members of the delegation from third-world countries were shocked to discover that their public-sector counterparts could not bargain collectively in Texas. They had assumed that all public employees in the United States enjoyed bargaining rights. When the meeting had ended, they expressed great sympathy for their union brothers and sisters in Texas and offered their sincere hope that the situation would soon improve.