For over five decades following its founding in 1915, the American Association of University Professors (AAUP) carried out its mission outside of the realm of collective bargaining. The organization formulated policy on a constantly evolving range of issues of concern to higher education, and worked to have those policies adopted by individual institutions and state public higher education systems. The mechanisms employed were a combination of: encouraging faculty to use their participation in shared governance to work towards policy adoption; interacting directly—including in the initial formulation of policy pronouncements and in joint endorsements—with organizations representing the interests of administrators and trustees; and carrying out visible “enforcement” activities (primarily investigations leading to censure and sanction.)

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