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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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Spring 2023


The concept of sustainable development gained attention and came into focus with the publication of the Brundtland Report (Brundtland, 1987). later the Education for Sustainability (EfS) initiative was presented in 1997 through the “Thessaloniki Declaration” as a carrier of the common and single message (Knapp, 2000). Sustainable development is the way a country pursues its economic development that does not jeopardize the opportunity for future generations to achieve their development (Brundtland, 1987). Deforestation, land destruction, soil degradation, air and water pollution, and other types of environmental deterioration are paid in the name of economic progress. This detriment may outweigh the benefits of having a higher-quality production of goods and services (Darroch, 2017). The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) specifies that it is essential for climate change awareness, training, and public understanding to be promoted. Education has the potential to change the way we think, act, and fulfill our duties to one another and the earth (World Economic Forum, 2015).

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