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A 1st grade student participated in a study that evaluated effectiveness of using a verbal and visual prompt to stay on task. An A-B-A single subject design was utilized. It was hypothesized that with a verbal and visual prompt the child would stay on-task and not want to escape the activity. Direct small group instruction with two to four students occurred twice a week for 50-minute sessions. Duration data was taken for 30 minutes of the time to see if the behavior increased. Baseline results found that the student was on task 25 minutes and 50 seconds out of a 30-minute period. During the intervention, results found that the student was on-task 29 minutes and 2 seconds out of a 30-minute period. Back to baseline results found that the student was on task 27 minutes and 11 seconds out of a 30-minute period. A discussion of results and suggestions for future research are provided, including issues regarding generalization.
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on-task behavior, intervention, verbal prompt, single-subject design
Pierce, Haley, "Increasing On-Task Behavior with the Utilization of a Verbal and Visual Prompt" (2020). 2020 Awards for Excellence in Student Research and Creative Activity. 4.