Graduate Program

Educational Administration

Degree Name

Education Specialist (EdS)

Semester of Degree Completion


Thesis Director

Larry Janes


The purpose of this study was to investigate job satisfaction perceptions of individuals holding positions which combined the functions of principal and athletic direction. Specifically, this study compared actual workload with desired workload, (i.e., that which would provide a reasonable amount of job satisfaction). The study was predicated on the research findings that indicate that the amount of work is relative to a given individual as opposed to being an absolute quality.

A review of the research and literature revealed that few publications have been targeted toward workload and the dual educational administrator. The implications of job-related work, as it impacts on the effectiveness of the dual administrator, required a more thorough investigation of the workload phenomenon.

A Dual Administrator Survey questionnarie was developed to gain information concerning a dual administrator's perceived "Hetual situation" of satisfaction and what he believes to be a "reasonable situation" pertaining to workload relative to a given factor. It is hypothesized that the actual and preceived views of the dual environment provides an evaluative result identifying a definite level of job effectiveness and satisfaction. The questionnaire was mailed to seventy-five dual administrators in Northern, Central and Southern Illinois. A response rate of ninety-six percent was obtained.

It was found that:

1. Over two-thirds (68% very satisfactory, satisfactory and average) of the dual administrators surveyed experience significant job satisfaction in the dual work environment.

2. A diagnostic instrument should be developed which specifically determines job effectiveness and job satisfaction as it relates to workload for dual administrators.

3. The effectiveness of a dual administrator is not significantly related to perceived workload or lack of an assistant principal and/or assistant athletic director. Certain factors intrinsic to the job are a source of dissatisfaction for most dual administrators. Factor analyses of the principal rating of job effectiveness identified four primary categories of job-related factors that cause significant dissatisfaction:

  1. Excessive workload
  2. Time demands
  3. Interpersonal relations
  4. Disparity between what the principal accomplishes and what he would like to achieve

Finally, it was recommended that the group of dual administrators experiencing high work-related dissatisfaction, as well as those individuals experiencing satisfaction from a select number of job-related factors, consult the popular literature concerning principals' effectiveness and coping skills.