Graduate Program

School Psychology

Degree Name

Specialist in School Psychology

Semester of Degree Completion


Thesis Director

Lyndsay Jenkins


Bullying and victimization can have a negative impact on all students. This study compared frequency and types of bully, victim, and defending behaviors that occur in general education and special education. The three types of bullying and victimization include verbal, physical, and relational bullying, while the three types of defending include reporting, confronting, and helping. Due to the fact that the majority of research in the past has focused on the general education population of students, little is known about bullying, victimization, and defending behaviors among children in special education. An additional goal of this study was to compare the frequency of bully/victim behaviors between general and special education students. Previous research has discovered that individuals in the special education system displayed these behaviors and may be at an increased risk of becoming bully/victims. The results of this study indicated that students in special education did not report a statistically significant difference in the frequency of bullying experienced or perpetrated over regular education students. Students in special education also did not report any more or less defending behaviors than regular education students.