Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)

Semester of Degree Completion


Thesis Director

Laurence C. Thorsen


Modem alliance theory is based on the assumption that states come together in defense against a common threat. However, these theories were developed early in the Cold War in an effort to explain how and why the North Atlantic Treaty Organization was formed. Some member states do not fit into the neat theories suggested.

This thesis is an examination of the historical events that have shaped Greek relations with NATO and the United States. The thesis seeks to assess the usefulness of contemporary alliance theory in explaining divergent principles among alliance members and the effect this has had on the Atlantic Alliance and alliances in general. It also seeks to assess the influence of the US in Greek foreign policy from 1945 and the institution of the Truman Doctrine. The failure of the US and NATO to react to overt moves by Turkey against Greek sovereignty, the failure of the US and NATO to react to the 'Colonels' Coup,' or the Turkish invasion of Cyprus distanced Greeks from the common policy promoted by the US and NATO.

Alliance theory is far from complete. The theories developed during the Cold War lack fundamental concepts regarding intra-alliance relationships and cleavages that develop among member states, such as the problems between Greece and Turkey. This failure has hindered understanding of the true relationship between Greece and NATO to be understood.