Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Semester of Degree Completion


Thesis Director

Louis C. Butler


The purpose of this study was to provide greater assurance of quality in Internet-based courses. Current literature supports the assumption that the inclusion of constructivist principles in online courses adds to course quality. Therefore, identifying indicators of constructivist learning theory is important to the development of online courses. A peer-nominated panel of national experts in constructivism and instructional technology participated in a 3-round Delphi web survey. Through the iterative process, panelists assigned a mean rating of importance of 4.0 or higher (on a 5-point Likert scale) to 40 indicators of constructivist principles in online courses. Three implications for course design were identified; (1) one size (of learning model) does not fit all, (2) the six identified categories and their related indicators provide a framework for course development, and (3) indicators of constructivist principles transcend technology.