Master of Arts (MA)
Semester of Degree Completion
David H. Carwell
The topic of the thesis is to analyse, from a cross-regional comparative perspective, the relationship between the corporatist features and the civil-military relations in two democratising countries, Romania and Brazil. I choose Romania and Brazil because these two countries present peculiar features regarding the civil-military relations within their regions, and, in addition, these countries share a peculiar heritage regarding the corporatist arrangements both in terms of intellectual-cultural legacy and contingent decisions. The paper encompasses a double attempt as an answer to the current appeals within the civil-military relations literature for new analytical perspectives. First, I will show that the corporatist state theory is mainly focused on the features of the tripartism, and that it is strongly connected to the social and economic issues of West European countries. The thesis will attempt to survey neglected features of the corporatist arrangements, namely those regarding the civil-military relations and national security policy in two democratising countries, Brazil and Romania. Second, I show that the cross-regional perspective in the analysis of civil-military relations is possible, despite the arguments of the recent literature. In addition, the paper offers an alternative for the understanding of civil-military relations within a different conceptual framework of democratising theories. I use the concept of corporatism in two of its main theoretical features: first, the peculiar aggregation of the interests of a branch of society (the military) within the democratising states and, second, the avoidance of the legislature in matters of oversight decision and policy-making. The thesis argues also that the international context (the incentive to become a NATO member in the case of Romania) can contribute significantly to the alteration of the domestic corporate arrangements.
Huluban, Sebastian, "Corporatist Features of the Security Sector in Democratizing Countries: A Cross-Regional Analysis of Brazil and Romania" (2003). Masters Theses. 1370.