State-level community college coordination and governance structures are highly varied
across the 50 states. Some states have two separate governing boards, one for community
colleges and another for the other public higher education institutions; others have one higher
education governing and/or coordinating board for all public higher education institutions. A few
states have one statewide board that coordinates elementary and secondary education and also
coordinates community colleges. (Tollefson, Garrett, Ingram, & Associates, 1999).
Despite these significant differences in structure and governance, members of the
National Council of State Directors of Community Colleges (NCSDCC) are well-positioned to
comment on issues of funding and access in their own sectors specifically, and other sectors of
education including elementary and secondary, public regional universities, publicly controlled
Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs), and public flagship universities as well.
No sector of the American postsecondary system serves more students who are the first
generation in their families to be enrolled in higher education, more racial and ethnic minorities,
and more low income families than do the nation’s community colleges (American Association
of Community Colleges website, 2010).
Katsinas, Steve and Friedal, Janice N.
"Access Threatened: A Comparison of the 2003 and 2009 Recessions,"
Journal of Collective Bargaining in the Academy: Vol. 0
, Article 28.
Available at: https://thekeep.eiu.edu/jcba/vol0/iss5/28