Graduate Program

Elementary Education

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Education (MSEd)

Author's Department

Early Childhood, Elementary, and Middle Level Education

First Advisor

John H. Bickford III


Educators today meet national and state initiatives by spending approximately half their time on non-fiction literature. Starting as early as primary grades students are to analyze multiple texts on the same historical topic. Student's reading levels vary; consequently, trade books can be used to reach each individual child. Due to this, trade book usage has increased. Research indicates trade books can contain possible historical misrepresentations. Few studies have been completed, therefore more research is necessary. My research examined the historical representation of Jackie Robinson within trade books for primary and intermediate grades. After determining events in reading the historical research about Robinson's life and legacy, I examined the trade books for patterns of representation and misrepresentation. I located historical misrepresentation including minimized or the omitted parts of Jackie Robinson's life. Suggestions on ways to integrate and supplement sources to balance the historical gaps determined in the sample data pool are offered.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.