Graduate Program

Elementary Education

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Education (MSEd)

Author's Department

Early Childhood, Elementary, and Middle Level Education

First Advisor

John H. Bickford III


State and national education standards require teachers to introduce historical topics through multiple diverse texts, with emphasis on informational texts. Historical based trade books allow teachers to meet both English/language arts standards as well as history/social studies standards. Primary sources help provide students with a balanced view of history that may not be covered in textbooks and trade books, allowing students to gain a more complete and accurate understandings. The standards allow educators the flexibility to select trade books and primary sources for their classrooms. My research empirically evaluated how Benjamin Franklin is represented in children's trade books, a figure that appears in United States history. Misrepresentations within trade books concerning Franklin are reported and analyzed. This research will guide educators in selecting books for teaching primary grade classrooms about Franklin, an important historical figure.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.