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African‐Americans composed 12% of the Union army during the Civil War and fought in 41 major baƩles and 449 smaller clashes. This poster exhibit studies the role of African‐Americans in the conﬂict.
Tolppanen, Bradley P., "African-American Soldiers and Sailors of the Civil War" (2011). 2011 - Remembering America's Civil War: A 150 Year Retrospective. Paper 7.