In this study we examined the role of apoE on the rate of synaptic recovery in the olfactory bulb (OB) following olfactory epithelium (OE) lesioning in mice. We used both immunoblotting and immunohistochemical techniques to compare the density of OB synaptophysin (Syn, a synaptic marker) in apoE-gene deficient/knockout (KO) mice and wild-type (WT) mice following OE lesion. We found that the whole bulb concentrations of Syn, measured by immunoblotting, declined sharply following injury in both WT and KO mice during the degenerative phase (3–7 days). After this initial decline, the Syn concentration gradually increased to normal levels by 56 days in WT mice. In contrast, Syn concentration in KO mice did not recover by day 56 when Syn density in WT was essentially normal. Glomerular Syn density, measured by immunohistochemistry, found a lower density in KO mice at all time points post lesion. This lower concentration of whole bulb Syn parallels the slower recovery of glomerular area in KO mice. The data indicate that apoE deficiency in KO mice is associated with a delayed recovery of the glomerular area and a slower recovery in Syn concentration in the OB.
Nwosu, Ikemefuna; Gairhe, Salina; Struble, Robert G.; and Nathan, Britto P., "Impact of apoE deficiency during synaptic remodeling in the mouse olfactory bulb" (2008). Faculty Research & Creative Activity. Paper 188.