Flow-cytometric analysis of pollen samples obtained from Solanum phureja, clone PP5, grown under 10, 14, and 18 hour photoperiods at the Southeastern Plant Environment Laboratories of North Carolina State University yielded two populations of pollen based on size parameters. These populations corresponded to pollen separation based on propidium iodide staining of DNA. Anther culture response from plants grown under 14 and 18 hour photo periods for 8, I 0, 12, and 14 weeks was greatest from 8 week old plants grown under a 14 hour photoperiod. Net photosynthesis was significantly higher for plants grown under a 10 hour photoperiod than for plants grown under either a 14, or 18 hour photoperiod. A significant positive correlation was found between net photosynthesis and tuber yield. Results suggest that vegetative growth is increased under short photoperiods, floral development is favored under long photoperiods, and androgenesis is greatest from young plants grown under an intermediate photoperiod.
Owen, Henry R.; Veilleux, R. E.; Haynes, F. L.; and Haynes, K. G., "PHOTOPERIOD EFFECTS ON 2N POLLEN PRODUCTION, RESPONSE TO ANTHER CULTURE, AND NET PHOTOSYNTHESIS OF A DIPLANDROUS CLONE OF SOLANUM PHUREJA" (1988). Faculty Research & Creative Activity. Paper 138.