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The identification of soybean rust, caused by Phakopsora
pachyrhizi H. Sydow & Sydow, in the southern United
States in November 2004 (Schneider et al. 2005 ), in the
Midwest in 2006 (Hartman et al. 2007 ), and elsewhere has
increased the concerns of the impact of the pathogen on US
soybean production (Miles et al. 2007 ). The rapid spread of
P. pachyrhizi and its potential to cause severe yield losses
makes this among the most destructive foliar diseases of
soybean. Yield losses of 20%–60% were reported in Asia,
with losses of 80% reported from experimental plots in
Taiwan (Hartman et al. 1991 ). Soybean rust could have a
major impact on both total soybean production and production
costs in the US.
Daniel, S. L., Hartman, G. L., Wagner, E. D., & Plewa, M. J. Mammalian Cell Cytotoxicity Analysis of Soybean Rust Fungicides. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination & Toxicology, 78, 474-478.
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